Навеяно записью urbansheep о фрагментации личности
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In: Hatch, M.J. (1997).Organization Theory: Modern, Symbolic, and Postmodern Perspectives
. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
"[...] by focusing of what is normally not said and thus hidden by entrenched ways of thinking and speaking you will undermine old concepts and dispute the categories into which people have been placed, so that no one will be disadvantaged or disregarded by the ways in which you conventionally speak or think. This move will allow you to imagine alternative to your taken-for-granted world. In the process you will find that the boundaries that you assume exist between things are permeable, and the socially constructed foundations of your experience of the world will come under your control (or at least within your conscious experience).
All of these suggestions demand self-reflexivity
, using your methods of understanding and discovery on yourself as well as on the world around you in order to reveal waht it is that you are assuming
when you produce or use knowledge. You will become opportunistic in the sense of being willing to use many contradictionary, paradoxical, and incongruous perspectives in order to avoid the traps of dominance hidden within singular points of view. As a result of your increasing multiplicity, you will destroy your conception of self as a singular identity with a unitary perspective. In the colorful words of one of the major inspirations to postmodernism, the French philosopher Michel Foucault, to be postmodern you must "disappear man."* In other words, you will take your long-standing conceptions of yourself adn the world adn throw them away so that other, profoundly different waysof seeing and being can enter your imagination.** As you can see in this short description, postmodernism is a radical perspective with a program to start revolutionary change on a personal level through surfacing and than overturning your own taken-for-granted assumptions about yourself, others, and social organization."
* Foucault, M. (1973). The order of things: An archaeology of human sciences
(trans. Alan Sheridan-Smith). New York: Vintage Books.
** Rorty, R. (1989). Contingency, irony, and solidarity
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Some key postmodernism elements' highlights:
- Self-reflexivity. Why is? Who are interested in particular line of thought?
- Multiplicity. Fragmentation.
- Critical theory: value and illustrative role of contradiction and paradox.
- Diversity and collage metaphor. Ambiguity is useful, incongruous perspectives are possible.
- Deconstruction: reducing an argument to its basic assumptions, denying those assumptions by asserting their negation and considering what this implies about the original argument.
- High technologies: change in definitions and life mediums. Related psychological development - Personal Construction Theory:
- the individual creates his or her own ways of seeing the world in which he lives; the world does not create them for him; (s)he builds constructs and tries them on for size;
- the constructs are sometimes organized into systems, group of constructs which embody subordinate and superordinate relationships;
- the same events can often be viewed in the light of two or more systems, yet the events do not belong to any system; and the individual's practical systems have particular foci and limited ranges of convenience.